The municipality of Aldea del Cano borders:
- Caceres to the west and north; (23 km)
- Torreorgaz and Torrequemada to the east; (12.1 km)
- Houses of Don Antonio to the south; (6.5 km)
The de facto population of Aldea del Cano censused in 1998 comprises 806 inhabitants, having reached the maximum population in 1930, the year in which the municipality came to have 2,203 neighbors. From this date to the present day the decline of the population has been progressive, especially since the sixties.
The proportion of men and women today differs in favour of the latter, reaching 51.1% of the population compared to 48.9% of males.
Taking into account the percentages of the three age groups in which the population is usually divided, we find that the young woman, between 0 and 20 years old, reaches 21.2%; between the ages of 21 and 65, 54.1% and senile, made up of those over 65 years of age, 24.7%. This data reflects a significant imbalance, with young people being almost one-fifth of the total population, while the elderly represent the fourth; this indicates a committed future for the people, as the Generational Replacement Rate is not insured.
Emigration is the real protagonist of the population of Aldea del Cano throughout the present century, especially marked between 1950 and 1980 in which 60% of the population is lost; loss that results in a sharpening of aging, an increase in mortality and a fall in birth rates, processes that have influenced the existence of very negative natural growth.
In short, the population has experienced negative natural growth for two decades, intense emigration throughout the 20th century, and an economy that serves to keep a contingent low. As long as these structural characteristics continue to exist, the evolution of the population in Aldea del Cano will show a trend towards decline or stabilization.
Today it has a population of 632 inhabitants (according to 2017 data).
We know nothing true about the origin or foundation of the people. There are different theories collected by 17th-century authors but all of them without documentary basis, we will cite some:
- Ortiz de Tovar says that “its foundation was by commission of the Holy Church of Coria and D. Enrique IV in the years 1292 in Cortijos or home of a gentleman of Cáceres of those of surname of Cano de la Rocha, from where they were called Aldea del Cano or the canoe.
In the interrogation of the Royal Audience we read regarding “Aldealcano”: “It is a village of the village of Cáceres and although the establishment or origin is ignored, it is said that it was sale that they called from Cano”
Notwithstanding the above, if we can say that probably before the dates mentioned there was some kind of bending in the area since Roman times, the Romans, they settled for these places when Octavius Augustus founded Merida. Here was a millennial stone that said “TRAJANO CONS II” which means that as a second time Consul Trajan, the military road was built or repaired.
There are also numerous remains of castros and Roman villas as well as several burial inscriptions in the vicinity of the village.
It is difficult to collect data on the history of the town, as most of the old municipal archives have disappeared many years ago. There are, however, two theories about the origin of our people and their name.
The origin of the village of Aldea del Cano, which was also called Aldehuela, seems to be due to the Romans, settled in those places, when Octavius Augustus founded Merida. Here was a millennial stone that read: “Trajan Cons II”, which means that as a second time Consul Trajan, the military route was built or repaired. There are also two Roman burial inscriptions.
The foundation of it is ancient, without the time being fixed because the slightest data is not found; but for some ruins and rubble that exist and date back a few centuries, it is known its antiquity, and this is confirmed by the memory that in the village there is a convent whose ruins have completely disappeared.
There is a theory about its foundation widespread among the population, which consists in the existence of a sale, called Venta del Cano, which served as a lodging for all those who came by the Silver Route to the North, or to the South. Around that sale, some houses were built due to the proximity
sale with Cáceres and Merida. Another theory, less well known, speaks that there were numerous springs and fountains in Aldea del Cano, housing began to be built in this place, being called the Village Aldea del Caño because of the number of existing sources. Over time, it would be called as we know it today.
“The Ballestera” fountain.
It is based on natural products from the area, such as lamb, pork or garden products. It is a simple and quality cuisine that keeps alive the tradition of the meals of the grandmothers. Among the most representative dishes are: the lamb stew, the crumbs with torreznos and the gazpacho. In general the typical dishes of Extremadura.
You can also taste all kinds of Iberian sausages such as cured sheep’s cheese, ham, loin and white patatera.
Finally, typical sweets such as the threads of the ordeal, dogs, the pine nuts, the flowers…
Receta caldereta de cordero
Add a little oil to heat, add the slice of bread and fry. Chop the meat, sprinkle, pass it through flour and add it to the casserole. When golden brown, remove everything and set aside.
Finely chop garlic, onion, peppers and carrots. Put them poaching in the casserole where you’ve browned the lamb and bread. Season.
Add the paprika and meat. Stir in the herbs and pour in the white wine. Cover with water and cook for 30 minutes over medium heat. Put the lid on.
Peel the potatoes, dice them and fry in a frying pan with oil. At the last moment add some branches of parsley. Season and drain. Add the potatoes to the casserole, mix and serve the lamb stew.