Ornithology on the Route


Mediterranean Forest and Dehesa:

The Mediterranean forest and scrub and the pastures that, together, cover most of the Sierra Norte de Sevilla are in an excellent state of conservation. The dominant tree species are cork oak, holm oak and whining. Jars, heathers, madroño and palmita abound in the bush. The dehesa is an exemplary example of the compatibility between the sustainable use of natural resources, through extensive livestock, and the conservation of nature. Mediterranean forests and pasture are essential for the breeding and fattening of Iberian pig while supporting the reproduction of jewels from the Iberian avifauna such as the Iberian imperial eagle,the black vulture or the rabilargo. Other typical birds of this habitat are hoopoe, common warbler, culebrera eagle, aguililla calzada.


The rivers of the Sierra Norte de Sevilla are nourished by rainwater and suffer a remarkable dynamism from the summer drought and torrential rains in the rest of the year. Several sections of the Hueznar, Ciudadeja, Viar and Cala rivers retain a forest of alder gallery, ash, willow, poplar in exceptional condition. The presence, although sparse, of the aquatic blackbirdstands out. In this habitat are the kingfisher,thecascadeña vandal,the daurica swallow,the bee-eater as well as different species of herons. Where the water grooves have been deep embedded in the terrain, resulting in rocky cuts, it is possible to see the black stork,the griffon vulture,the alimoche or the royal owl.