Ornithology on the Route

Habitats of the Lagunas y Campiñas ornithological Route of Villafáfila


Deforestation carried out since time immemorial in this area originated the open landscape that we know today. Man throughout history has taken advantage of this terrain of gentle slopes for the cultivation of dry, mainly wheat, barley and alfalfa. Thanks to this has settled a community of birds that require land disarned, steppe birds, such as sison, cararvan, bargain ortega, calandria, common earth. Among them stands out the busty for its large size and weight, its courtship and because the Reserve hosts more than 2,500 individuals, constituting the largest population of this species of Spain.

People have enriched the landscape with buildings of popular adobe and tapestry architecture, among which are the dovecotes, some circular and with patio and others rectangular.

The consequent abundance of pigeons has favored the permanent presence of a good pilgrim falconpopulation. Another species of falcons that usually breed in mechinales or under the Arab shingles, the threatened primilla kestrel,has also taken advantage of these and other constructions of popular architecture.

Projects of restoration and modification of pigeons have contributed to this small raptor maintaining a breeding population of more than 300 couples, one of the largest in the national territory.


The lagoons occupy an area of approximately 600 has, with The Laguna Grande, barillos and Las Salinas being the main ones. They suffer from acute styling, drying almost completely in summer, during which time the saline character of the wetland is evident by the white salt crusts that appear after the evaporation of the water.

The vegetation inside and in the surroundings of the lagoons is typical of saline areas. Since the Bronze Age this salt has been exploited until in the eighteenth century it fell into disuse because of its low profitability. Currently the lagoons of the nature reserve are not exploited in any way, being the access restricted for conservation reasons.

Thanks to this more than 25,000 individuals of common ansar usually spend the winter in the wetland along with thousands of blusate, frieze anades, spoons, cercetas,etc. In November it is a mandatory stop for the NortEuropean cranes on their trip to Extremadura. The aforementioned species are joined by waders such as correlimos, archibebes, crouching, andarria, combatants, plovers, golden plovers,birds and large amounts of passerine as pratense bisbitas andcommon enender.

If we add nesting waterfowl such as stork, avoceta, rascón, piconegra pagan,etc. it is more than demonstrated the exceptional importance of these lagoons.