Ornithology on the Route
HABITATS ORNITHOLOGICAL ROUTE MOUNTAINS AND FORESTS OF THE CENTRAL ASTURIAN MOUNTAIN
The two main habitats present on this route are:
The highest peaks of the region exceed 2000 m, with Peña Ubiña being the largest of them, reaching 2,414 m above sea level. The high mountain has bald rocks, rhinestones and almost vertical walls at maximum levels, sheltering mountain species par excellence such as the few climbers and the nival finn. More frequent and therefore easier to find are the red rocker,the alpine accenter and the piquigualda chova. It is the breeding habitat of the very fast peregrine falcon and the golden eagle,and where the griffon vulture and alimochealso appear regularly. Just below are the wide alpine meadows that are used for grazing cows and horses in a semi-freedom regime. Here we can observe the alpine bisbita, the buoyant laundry,as well as the pechiazul,where the meadows are interrupted by piornos and holly. Descending from the high mountain we enter a semi-open area with small trees, mainly birch and beech, and shrubs such as the majuelo, hunter’s serbal, wild roses, heathers, refuge of many interesting species among which stand out the red-ed-roll warbler, torcecuello, scribe montesino and match, warbler- common accent,ccommon amachuelo or the elusive partridge brown.
The lower-altitude slopes are generally covered with a thick mantle of deciduous forest dominated by beech, albar oak, ash, maple, etc., where forest raptors such as azor, hawk, bee falcon and road eagleabound, coexisting with typical passerines of the Cantabrian mountain range such as palustre coalman or northern agateator. More mature forests shelter populations of scarce species such as the black dick and the medium beak.