This section relates the main natural habitats of the Route as it passes through the four autonomous communities through which it runs, and the main birds associated with them. To download the full Ornithology Guide click here.


In this land the high mountain and the sea are shaken hands. The Cantabrian Sea bathes the coast of the Principality while inland, less than 55 km from the coast, rise, impressive mountains. From the high mountain to the coast the different habitats of Asturias allow fans of ornithological tourism to contemplate species of great interest:

Habitats of the Coastal Ornithological Route of Gijón

Habitat of the Ornithological Route Mountains and Forests of the Central Asturian Mountain.

Castilla y León

The Autonomous Community of Castilla y León has an area of 94,142 km2 and is located in the interior of the northwest quadrant of the Iberian Peninsula, south of Asturias and Cantabria. Its enormous extent involves a wide variety of ecosystems, counting the region with an excellent representation of various ornithological communities such as stepperias, rupícolas, alpines or forests:

Habitats of the Lagunas y Campiñas ornithological Route of Villafáfila

Habitats of the Ornithological Route of the Sierra de Béjar


Formed by the provinces of Cáceres and Badajoz, and bordering Portugal, with an area of 41,602 km2, it is traveled entirely from north to south along the Via de la Plata Route. Its main attraction is based on the relative good state of conservation of its habitats such as the Mediterranean forest and scrub, pastures, pseudo-steppes and rivers, and landscape diversity resulting in exceptional bird variety:

Habitats of the Llanos Ornithological Route of Fuente de Cantos.


Andalusia is located at the crossroads between two seas, the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and two continents, Europe and Africa. The privileged biogeographical situation and the high ecological diversity has given it an exceptional ornithological richness. In the European context, there is no other place that brings together, like Andalusia, such a number of species of flora and fauna.

Habitats of the Sierra Norte Ornithological Route of Seville.

Habitats of the Eastern Arm Ornithological Route.

Bird Watching Guide in Seville